It is one of the scripts of European history. A weak and corrupt government. Widespread unemployment. A shrinking economy. Crime. A political party emerges. It offers certainty. Solutions. A cleansing. Crime to be “eradicated”. Scapegoats identified.Members of the Hungarian National Guard wait for a Jobbik meeting in Budapest, 7 April 2010 So with the rise of Jobbik in Hungary. In Sunday’s elections the party came a strong third, winning almost 17% of the vote. Its popularity has been built on railing against what it calls “gypsy crime”. The Roma, who make up between 6-7% of the population, are cast as thieves who top up their thieving with benefits. As a party they draw on the language and images of the past. They are linked to the Hungarian Guard, whose uniforms are reminiscent of a wartime pro-Nazi group. They deny they are anti-Semitic and yet they speak of “foreign speculators” who control the country – a group that includes Israel. Supporters refer to Budapest as “Jewdapest”.
siehe auch: ‘Openly antisemitic’ party gains power in Hungary. The centre-right and far-right won big in Hungary’s elections Sunday, initial results showed. The right-wing Fidesz party took 52.77 per cent of the vote, and the far-right Jobbik party took 16.71. The incumbent Socialist party took only 19.29 per cent. Runoffs will be held later in the month in districts where no candidate received a majority of the votes. The results were a cause for concern for European Jewish groups, which have accused Jobbik of antisemitism and racial hate. One Hungarian Jewish group labelled Sunday’s election the first time “a movement pursuing openly antisemitic policies” has gained power in Hungary since the Nazi era. The victory for Fidesz and Jobbik came as Hungary faces increasing poverty and unemployment. The country recently turned to the International Monetary Fund with a request for aid, becoming the first European Union country to seek an IMF bailout. On Sunday, Hungarian Jews protested in Budapest against the antisemitic climate in the country in advance of the elections. Recent antisemitic incidents have included vandalism, a neo-Nazi rally, and an attack on a rabbi’s home over Passover. In 2009, Jobbik candidate-for-parliament Judit Szima was accused of approving an article for publication that referred to antisemitism as “the duty of every Hungarian homeland lover,” and called to “prepare for armed battle against the Jews.” Another candidate, Krisztina Morvai, allegedly responded to criticism by saying, “I would be glad if the so-called proud Hungarian Jews would go back to playing with their tiny little circumcised tail rather than vilifying me.”; Hungary battles black-sheep status in Europe with rise of extreme-right party. Prime-minister-elect forced to devote every moment since his victory distancing himself from third party. It was a celebratory speech that has sent a chill across Europe. Gabor Vona, whose far-right Jobbik party attracted almost 17 per cent of the vote in the first round of Hungary’s national elections on Sunday, made front pages across the continent Tuesday after exultantly declaring that his party “is not preparing to conduct peaceful and near-invisible politics. … We are preparing to conduct very distinct and very spectacular politics, not only in words and appearances.” Specifically, he said, that meant he would wear the uniform of the illegal neo-Nazi Hungarian Guard to the opening of parliament and crack down on what he described as “Gypsy crime” – a phrase widely understood as a physical threat to the country’s Roma minority.